Mahjong, mah jong, mah-jongg (in traditional Chinese: 麻將, in Simplified Chinese: 麻将), is a board game of Chinese origin, exported to the rest of the world, and particularly to the West, beginning in 1920. In Chinese it is also known as a sparrow. In addition to the original Chinese version, it includes its variants (Japanese, Korean, North American and solitary, to mention a few). Due to its popularity and influence, it was extended to the whole world through the internet.

Its predecessor received the name of “game of sheets in strips”, since the cards were of cardboard, like the present cards. Progressively this material was abandoned and began to manufacture chips of ivory, wood and, above all, bamboo, although nowadays it is normal to use plastic, more durable and cheaper. However, they continue to manufacture, as was done in antiquity, real works of art in different materials such as vasinga.

The mahjong, in its original version, is made up of 144 generic tiles or tiles, but that number changes depending on the type of set, where some tiles are added or deleted. In many variants, players have 13 tokens to start the game and by stealing a chip No. 14 would win the game if they have 4 sets (Chow, Pung and Kong, alternated) and the pair of eyes.